Glossary of Terms - F

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Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act (FERPA) (La ley de los derechos educativos y la privacidad de la familia– The federal law that protects the confidentiality of a student’s records in all public schools and local education agencies. 

Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) (Educación pública, gratuita y adecuada– Special education and related services that have been provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction and without charge; meet the standards of the Texas Education Agency (TEA); include an appropriate preschool, elementary school, or secondary school education in the State involved; and are provided in conformity with the individualized education program (IEP).

Full Individual and Initial Evaluation (FIE) (Evaluación inicial, individualizada y completa) – The evaluation that is performed, at no cost to a parent, to ensure that a student has a disability and to identify all the special education or related service needs of a student.  The evaluation is not a single test; and should cover all areas of suspected disability.  For more information, please see A Guide to the ARD Process.

Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) (Evaluación de la conducta funcional– A process for collecting information that will help determine the underlying purpose or motivation of a student’s challenging behavior (examples: seeking attention, peer acceptance, avoiding, etc.).  Once the cause of the behavior has been determined, the Admission, Review, and Dismissal (ARD) committee develops a behavior intervention plan (BIP) to teach the student appropriate alternatives to the behavior.   See also Positive Behavior Supports and the Texas Behavior Support Initiative

Functional Skills (Destrezas funcionales– Other needs of a student caused by the disability that affects their ability to learn.  These may include skills needed for independent living, socialization, communication, etc.


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