Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act (FERPA) (La ley de los derechos educativos y la privacidad de la familia) – The federal law that protects the confidentiality of a student’s records in all public schools and local education agencies.
Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) (Educación pública, gratuita y adecuada) – Special education and related services that have been provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction and without charge; meet the standards of the Texas Education Agency (TEA); include an appropriate preschool, elementary school, or secondary school education in the State involved; and are provided in conformity with the individualized education program (IEP).
Full Individual and Initial Evaluation (FIE) (Evaluación inicial, individualizada y completa) – The evaluation that is performed, at no cost to a parent, to ensure that a student has a disability and to identify all the special education or related service needs of a student. The evaluation is not a single test; and should cover all areas of suspected disability. For more information, please see A Guide to the ARD Process.
Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) (Evaluación de la conducta funcional) – A process for collecting information that will help determine the underlying purpose or motivation of a student’s challenging behavior (examples: seeking attention, peer acceptance, avoiding, etc.). Once the cause of the behavior has been determined, the Admission, Review, and Dismissal (ARD) committee develops a behavior intervention plan (BIP) to teach the student appropriate alternatives to the behavior. See also Positive Behavior Supports and the Texas Behavior Support Initiative.
Functional Skills (Destrezas funcionales) – Other needs of a student caused by the disability that affects their ability to learn. These may include skills needed for independent living, socialization, communication, etc.