Glossary of Terms - O

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Office of Civil Rights (OCR) (Oficina de Derechos Civiles) – The federal agency that enforces Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.  OCR looks into complaints about discrimination based on disability.


Office of the Inspector General, US Dept. of Education (OIG) (Oficina del Inspector General) – Conducts independent and objective audits, investigations, inspections, and other activities in order to promote the efficiency, effectiveness, and integrity of the Department’s programs and operations. 


Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education (OSEP(Oficina de Programas de Educación Especial) – The federal office that provides leadership and financial support to assist states and local districts in improving results for infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities ages birth through 21. OSEP monitors the states to ensure that they are in compliance, or actively working toward compliance, with the federal law, specifically IDEA 2004 and Every Child Succeeds Act.


Office of Special Education & Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) (Oficina de Educación Especial y Servicios de Rehabilitación–A branch of the U.S. Department of Education committed to improving results and outcomes for people with disabilities of all ages. OSERS provides a wide array of supports to parents and individuals, school districts and states in three main areas—Special Education, Vocational Rehabilitation, and Research—through its two main components: OSEP and RSA.  


Orthopedic Impairment (OI) (Discapacidad ortopédico) – As defined by the IDEA: “A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly (e.g., club foot, absence of some member, etc.), impairments caused by disease (poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations and fractures or burns that cause contractures).”  A determination of orthopedic impairment must comply with criteria set forth in federal and state law as described in the Orthopedic Impairment framework of the Legal Framework for the Child-Centered Process


Other Health Impairment (OHI) (Otro discapacidad de la salud– Under IDEA, OHI is defined as “having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that:

  • Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and
  • Adversely affects a child's educational performance.” 

A determination of other health impairment must comply with criteria set forth in federal and state law as described in the other Health Impairment framework of the Legal Framework for the Child-Centered Process.


Open Records Request (Petición para tener acceso a los expedientes) – A written request for public information contained in the files or records of a Texas governmental agency.   Also know as a Public Information Request (PIR). 


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