Glossary of Terms - T

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Technical Assistance & Dissemination Centers (Centros de asistencia técnica y diseminación)– Regional centers funded under IDEA to provide technical assistance to schools in such areas as early intervention, education, and transitional services. Grants target various topics, disabilities, age ranges, and audiences with the goal of improved results for children with disabilities and their families.


Texas Academic Performance Reports  (TAPR) – Formerly known as the Academic  Excellence Indicator System (AEIS), this reporting system pulls together a wide range of information annually on the performance of students in each school and district in Texas.  The reports, available back to the 2003-04 school year, provide extensive information on staff, programs and demographics for each school and district.


Texas Administrative Code (TAC) (Código Administrativo de Texas) – A compilation of all state agency rules in Texas.  There are 16 titles in the TAC.   Each title represents a category and relating agencies are assigned to the appropriate title. The rules adopted by the State Board of Education (SBOE) and the Commissioner of Education are codified under Title 19, Part II, of the TAC. Title 19 is Education, and Part II is the Texas Education Agency.


Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) (Evaluación de Texas de los conocimientos y las destrezas) – A statewide assessment system used to measure student progress.  In spring 2012, the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR®) replaced the TAKS.


Texas Behavior Support Initiative (TBSI) (Iniciativa de Texas de apoyos para la conducta) – A state initiative to enhance the capacity of schools to educate all students, especially students with challenging behaviors, by adopting a sustained, positive, preventative instructional approach to school wide discipline and behavior management.


Texas Council of Administrators of Special Education (TCASE) (Consejo de Texas de Administradores de la Educación Especial) – A professional society comprised of nearly 1,200 members who administer and support special education programs throughout the state of Texas.  


Texas Council for Developmental Disabilities (TCDD) (Consejo de Texas para Discapacidades del Desarrollo) – A 27-member board dedicated to ensuring that all Texans with developmental disabilities, about 411,500 individuals, have the opportunity to be independent, productive and valued members of their communities.  The Council works to ensure that the service delivery system provides comprehensive services and supports that meet people’s needs, are easy to access, and are cost effective.  The Council also works to improve people’s understanding of disability issues.


Texas Continuous Improvement Process (TCIP) (Proceso de mejoramiento continuo en Texas) – A permanent, annual process that the State uses to continuously identify areas for improvement and implement strategies to improve special education in Texas.


Texas Continuous Improvement Steering Committee (Comité directivo de Texas) – A group of key stakeholders, including parents, educators, administrators and other professionals, appointed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA) to assist the State in assessing the ongoing Texas Continuous Improvement Process (TCIP).


Texas Education Agency (TEA) (Agencia de Educación de Texas The state department of education or state educational agency (SEA), which is responsible for the public education of all students in Texas.  The Texas Education Agency works with local school districts to ensure that all public education laws, rules, and regulations are followed.


Texas Education Code (TEC) (Código de Educación de Texas)– Contains the state laws governing education in Texas. The TEC is maintained on the web by the Texas Legislature Online.


Texas Education Telecommunications Network (TETN) (Red de telecomunicaciones para la educación en Texas) – A state telecommunications data/video conferencing system connecting the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and its 20 regional education service centers.  TETN provides a cost-effective interactive audio/video communication and data network to educators across Texas.


Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System (TELPAS) (Sistema de Texas para evaluar la competencia en el idioma inglés) – TEA designed the Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System (TELPAS) to assess the progress that limited English proficient (LEP) students make in learning the English language.


Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) (Conocimientos y habilidades esenciales de Texas) – The required curriculum for each grade level used in the Texas public schools. It is the general curriculum referred to in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). See the Texas Education Agency (TEA) website for a complete listing of the TEKS by content and grade level.


Texas Health Steps (THSteps) (Pasos Sanos de Texas)  –  A program that provides medical, dental, and case management services for individuals, ages 0 through 20 years, who are enrolled in Medicaid.  The program is administered by the Texas Department of State Health Services.


Texas Juvenile Justice Department (TJJD) – Operates year-round educational programs for incarcerated youth ages 10-19 within each of its institutional schools.


Texas Medicaid & Healthcare Partnership (TMHP) (La colaboración entre servicios de la atención médica y Medicaid en Texas) – A coalition of contractors that carries out the Medicaid claims payment and Primary Care Case Management administrator duties for the State of Texas, under contract with the Texas Health and Human Services Commission.


Texas Primary Reading Inventory (TPRI) (Inventario de Lectura Elemental en Texas) – A research-based classroom assessment tool that enables teachers to obtain a comprehensive picture of a student’s reading/language arts development.  Designed for students in grades K-3, the TPRI measures the students’ progress in five critical areas: phonemic awareness, phonics, comprehension, fluency, and vocabulary.  This information helps teachers identify students who may be at risk for reading failure, or who may need supports, so that they can provide effective instructional interventions to ensure that all children are reading successfully by the end of the third grade.


Texas Project FIRST (Proyecto FIRST de Texas) – (Families, Information, Resources, Support and Training) A website created to provide parents with accurate and consistent information about the special education process in Texas.  Texas Project FIRST is a project of Family to Family Network and an activity of the Texas Continuous Improvement Process (TCIP) under the auspices of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and Region 9 Education Service Center (ESC), and is focused on helping to fulfill the goals of TEA and the Parent Coordination Network.


Texas School for the Blind & Visually Impaired (TSBVI) (Escuela para los ciegos e impedidos visuales de Texas) – Serves as a  public school in the continuum of statewide placements for students who have a visual impairment. It is also a statewide resource for parents and professionals. Students, ages 6 through 21, who are blind, deaf blind, or visually impaired, including those with additional disabilities, are eligible for consideration for services at TSBVI. 


Texas School for the Deaf (TSD) (Escuela para Sordos de Texas) – The oldest continuously operating publicly funded school in Texas. In addition to educating students who are deaf and hard of hearing, TSD serves as a resource center on deafness for students, parents, professionals and others throughout the state.


Texas Special Education Continuing Advisory Committee (CAC) (Comité consultivo permanente para la educación especial en Texas) – Established as a result of federal regulation and state law for the purpose of providing policy guidance with respect to special education and related services for children with disabilities in Texas. 


Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 – The place in the law that supports students who are considered “disadvantaged” by ensuring that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and to reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic standards and assessments.


Transition Services (Servicios de transición) – A coordinated set of activities that includes moving from one life stage to another.   See Transition in Texas for Parents.


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) (Trauma cerebral) – IDEA eligibility category for a student who has “an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Traumatic brain injury applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.” A determination of traumatic brain injury must comply with criteria set forth in federal and state law as described in the Traumatic Brain Injury framework of the Legal Framework for the Child Centered Process.


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